Mandalay Travel Guide – Atumashi Monastery

Maha Atulawaiyan Kyaungdawgyi (or) Incomparable Monastery

A few hundred meters south of Kuthodaw Pagoda is the Atumashi Monastery (Maha Atulawaiyan Kyaungdawgyi or Incomparable Monastery). Originally built by King Mindon, the founder of Mandalay, in 1857, the original monastery was burned down in the fire in 1890. This was one of King Mindon’s greatest religious projects. The temple was built at the same time as Kuthodaw Pagoda. It was built in the traditional Burmese monastic style – a masonry base on top of which is the wooden read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Kuthodaw Pagoda

Kyauksagu PagodasKuthodaw pagoda is situated at the base of the South East stairway (zaungdan) of Mandalay Hill, just to the east of Sandamuni (Sandamani) Pagoda. The pagoda is surrounded by high walls on all four sides, with the central structure being the Maha Lawkamarazein Paya (Stupa). The central stupa is 30 meter high (57 meters from the ground level), and is modeled after the famous Shwezigon Pagoda of Bagan, the merit of King Anawrahta. It has a compound of 13 acres. What make this pagoda so special read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Sandamuni Pagoda

Sandhamuni or Sandamani Pagoda

Sandhamuni Pagoda or Sandamani Pagoda was built in 1874 by King Mindon, the founder of Mandalay. It is situated to the east of Kyauktawgyi Pagoda, near the base of the Mandalay Hill. The Sandhamuni (Sandamani) Pagoda was built at the site of the temporary palace where King Mindon stayed during the construction of the Royal Palace. It was here that the palace rebellion of 1866 took place, where Crown Prince Kanaung was assassinated during the rebellion. After the rebellion, Prince Kanaung was cremated read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Kyauktawgyi Pagoda

Introduction and Historical Note

Located near the south stairway (Zaungdan) of Mandalay Hill is Kyauktawgyi Pagoda. The pagoda was the merit of the King Mindon who was also the builder of Mandalay. The construction of Kyauktawgyi Pagoda started in 1853 but could finish only in 1878, partly due to its massive size and partly to the palace rebellion of 1866. It was modeled after famous Ananda Temple of Bagan, with the main structure being a huge sitting Buddha Image, carved from a single massive block of marble. The original marble read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Mandalay Hill

Mandalay Hill

The dominant geographical structure on the plain of Mandalay is Mandalay Hill which is 790 feet high. The city actually got its name from the name of Mandalay Hill. (The official name of the city is Yadanapon or Ratanapura). It is also one of the places in Mandalay that is worth visiting. There are a number of pagodas on the hill and the view from the top of the hill is also breathtaking.


Legend is that Gautama Buddha himself visited the region and from the top of this hill, he pointed to read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Maha Myatmuni Pagoda

A visit to Mandalay would not be complete without a visit to Maha Muni (Maha Myat Muni, also spelled Mahamyatmuni or Maha Myatmuni or Mahamuni) Buddha image. Considered as the most sacred Buddha image in Mandalay and in Myanmar, Maha Muni Buddha image draws a large crowd of devotees from all over Myanmar. The pagoda is also known as Rakhine (Arakan) Paya or Payagyi (Great Pagoda).


During the time of Gautama Buddha, King Sanda Thuria (Chandra Surya) of the Kingdom of Dhannavati, the ancient read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Getting around

Mandalay is a big city. It is the second largest city in Myanmar with nearly one million populations (there is no reliable government data on the exact population). However, the public transport in Mandalay is very poor compared to other cities of the same size in other Asian countries. Even though public transport system in Yangon is a very poor one, it has at least a functioning public transport system. Mandalay does not have. All it has is a few slow buses that travel at a snail’s pace, read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – getting there

Mandalay Palace

Mandalay can be reached by Air, bus, train or by boat. The most comfortable and convenient way to travel to Mandalay is to travel by air. The three private airlines in Myanmar, Air Mandalay, Air Bagan and Yangon Airway, run several flights a day to Mandalay from Yangon. Most of these flights run the route Yangon-Bagan-Mandalay-Heho-Yangon or in the opposite direction, so it is convenient to plan your trip through these popular tourist destinations. Tickets can be difficult to secure during the read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – People, culture and religion

Mandalay is the multi-ethnic, multi-cultural city. Located in the heart of Myanmar, Mandalay is the home to a large number of different ethnic people of Myanmar. Although traditionally home to Burmese, Mandalay saw recent mass migration of non Burmese ethnic people from all over Myanmar, especially from upper Burma and Shan plateau. Now a days, Shan, Chinese, Kokant, Wa and Kachins make up the richest people of Mandalay, replacing the original Burmese inhabitants from the city center to the new read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – History

“Two thousand and five hundred years after I passed into nirvana, a great city will sprung up on the plain below this mountain. And the ogress will become the king who brings this great city to glory. The great city will be the center of the religion I established.”

Mandalay was built by King Mindon of Konbaung Dynasty. The establishment of Mandalay was a strange one. According to the official history, King Mindon was a devoted Buddhist, and a strong believer of Buddhist prophesies. read more