Health Situation in Myanmar – Demographic and Health Survey

(Last Updated On: January 23, 2018)

Myanmar DHS (Demographic and Survey) results are available now. The survey was conducted in 2015 all over Myanmar by the Ministry of , with the aids from DHS foundation and USAID funding. A total of 12,885 women and 4,737 men aged between 15 – 49 years old in 12,500 selected households were interviewed. The sample is nationally representative and findings give better results than previous estimates. And the findings from this survey paint a grim picture of the situation in Myanmar. Some of the key facts are highlighted below.

Under-5 mortality by State in Myanmar
Under-5 mortality by State in Myanmar
  • 58% of households in rural area do not have access to electricity
  • 42% of households in Myanmar do not have access to improved sanitation facilities (latrine).
  • 73% of households own a mobile phone. This is a good sign!
  • Half of households in Myanmar own a motorcycle. That is good!
  • Literacy rate in Myanmar is quite high. 90% of adult population is literate.
  • Fertility rate in Myanmar is 2.3 per woman. Even in rural areas, fertility rate is only 2.4.
  • Five percent of women age 15-49 report that they have at least one co-wife; that is, they are in a polygamous union
  • The under- ve mortality rate is 50 deaths per 1,000 live births. This means that 1 in 20 children do not survive until his or her fifth birthday. It is highest in Chain State where under-five death is 104 per 1,000 live births, meaning 1 in 10 children do not survive beyond five years of age in Chin State!
  • Pregnancy related mortality is 227 per 100,000 childbirths. This is higher than previous estimate of 200 per 100,000 childbirths.
  • Only one third of the pregnant mothers give birth at the health facility. Two thirds deliver at home.
  • Complete vaccination (immunization) coverage in Myanmar is only 55%. This is too low to prevent outbreak of any vaccine preventable diseases.
  • 10% of children under-five had diarrhea within two weeks before the survey.
  • 29% of children are stunted, meaning they have suffered from chronic malnutrition. In Chin State, it is as high as 41%.
  • One in five children are under-weight.
  • 58% of children are anemic. 47% of adult women are anemic.
  • Half of the women believe husband is justified to beat the wife under certain conditions.
  • 10% of women in Kayah State and Rakhine State reported they had experienced sexual violence in their life.
  • Only 5% of the households in Myanmar had at least 3 children’s book at home.
  • 43% of children in Myanmar had experienced physical violence as part of child discipline by parents or teachers.

Full report can be downloaded from the DHS website.

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