Mandalay Travel Guide – Shwenandaw Monastery

Just to the east of the Atumashi Kyaung near the base of Mandalay Hill is Shwenandaw Kyaung (Golden Palace Monastery). It is a wooden structure made of teak. This building was originally part of the royal palace complex of King Mindon. Originally, the whole palace complex was from Amarapura (near Mandalay) which was the former capital city of Upper Burma. This whole palace complex was dismantled and carried to the royal palace compound in Mandalay, to reassemble in its current place.

King Mindon, read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Atumashi Monastery

Maha Atulawaiyan Kyaungdawgyi (or) Incomparable Monastery

A few hundred meters south of Kuthodaw Pagoda is the Atumashi Monastery (Maha Atulawaiyan Kyaungdawgyi or Incomparable Monastery). Originally built by King Mindon, the founder of Mandalay, in 1857, the original monastery was burned down in the fire in 1890. This was one of King Mindon’s greatest religious projects. The temple was built at the same time as Kuthodaw Pagoda. It was built in the traditional Burmese monastic style – a masonry base on top of which is the wooden read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Kuthodaw Pagoda

Kyauksagu PagodasKuthodaw pagoda is situated at the base of the South East stairway (zaungdan) of Mandalay Hill, just to the east of Sandamuni (Sandamani) Pagoda. The pagoda is surrounded by high walls on all four sides, with the central structure being the Maha Lawkamarazein Paya (Stupa). The central stupa is 30 meter high (57 meters from the ground level), and is modeled after the famous Shwezigon Pagoda of Bagan, the merit of King Anawrahta. It has a compound of 13 acres. What make this pagoda so special read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Sandamuni Pagoda

Sandhamuni or Sandamani Pagoda

Sandhamuni Pagoda or Sandamani Pagoda was built in 1874 by King Mindon, the founder of Mandalay. It is situated to the east of Kyauktawgyi Pagoda, near the base of the Mandalay Hill. The Sandhamuni (Sandamani) Pagoda was built at the site of the temporary palace where King Mindon stayed during the construction of the Royal Palace. It was here that the palace rebellion of 1866 took place, where Crown Prince Kanaung was assassinated during the rebellion. After the rebellion, Prince Kanaung was cremated read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Kyauktawgyi Pagoda

Introduction and Historical Note

Located near the south stairway (Zaungdan) of Mandalay Hill is Kyauktawgyi Pagoda. The pagoda was the merit of the King Mindon who was also the builder of Mandalay. The construction of Kyauktawgyi Pagoda started in 1853 but could finish only in 1878, partly due to its massive size and partly to the palace rebellion of 1866. It was modeled after famous Ananda Temple of Bagan, with the main structure being a huge sitting Buddha Image, carved from a single massive block of marble. The original marble read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Mandalay Hill

Mandalay Hill

The dominant geographical structure on the plain of Mandalay is Mandalay Hill which is 790 feet high. The city actually got its name from the name of Mandalay Hill. (The official name of the city is Yadanapon or Ratanapura). It is also one of the places in Mandalay that is worth visiting. There are a number of pagodas on the hill and the view from the top of the hill is also breathtaking.


Legend is that Gautama Buddha himself visited the region and from the top of this hill, he pointed to read more

Mandalay Travel Guide – Maha Myatmuni Pagoda

A visit to Mandalay would not be complete without a visit to Maha Muni (Maha Myat Muni, also spelled Mahamyatmuni or Maha Myatmuni or Mahamuni) Buddha image. Considered as the most sacred Buddha image in Mandalay and in Myanmar, Maha Muni Buddha image draws a large crowd of devotees from all over Myanmar. The pagoda is also known as Rakhine (Arakan) Paya or Payagyi (Great Pagoda).


During the time of Gautama Buddha, King Sanda Thuria (Chandra Surya) of the Kingdom of Dhannavati, the ancient read more